Today’s Headlines: Doubt Is Raised Over Value of Surgery for Breast Lesion at Earliest Stage

California Drought Is Made Worse by Global Warming, Scientists Say |
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Top News
Therese Taylor of Mississauga, Ontario, had a mastectomy four years ago after a diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ. She now believes it was unnecessary.

Doubt Is Raised Over Value of Surgery for Breast Lesion at Earliest Stage

By GINA KOLATA

Almost all women given a diagnosis of ductal carcinoma in situ, considered a possible precursor to breast cancer, have a lumpectomy or mastectomy, but data show they may not benefit.

Visitors along the recessed shores of Beal's Point in California's Folsom Lake State Recreation Area. A new study has found that inevitable droughts in California were made worse by global warming.

California Drought Is Made Worse by Global Warming, Scientists Say

By JUSTIN GILLIS

The odds of California suffering droughts at the far end of the scale, like the current one, have roughly doubled over the last century, scientists said.

Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont during a sweep through Iowa on Sunday. His wife, Jane, said,

Bernie Sanders Draws Big Crowds to His ‘Political Revolution’

By JASON HOROWITZ

The words are full of passion, but the senator and his followers speak to an angry vision of a broken system that requires fundamental change.

For more top news, go to NYTimes.com »

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Editors’ Picks
Capt. Kristen Griest, center, during a Ranger School exercise in Fort Benning, Ga., in April. Captain Griest on Friday will become one of the first two women to graduate from Ranger School.

U.S.

2 Graduating Rangers, Aware of Their Burden

By RICHARD A. OPPEL Jr. and HELENE COOPER

Two Army Ranger graduates are set to break new ground in the military as the Pentagon prepares to decide which combat positions should be opened to women.

. Video  Watch: First Female Ranger School Graduates

OPINION | Op-Ed Contributor

Can Our Transit System Get Any Worse?

By THOMAS K. WRIGHT

Public authorities once paid their own way. ­Now they barely keep up.

QUOTATION OF THE DAY

“Now I feel that it’s in the hands of God."

PRESIDENT JIMMY CARTER, in discussing his cancer diagnosis and his born-again Christian beliefs.


Today’s Videos

Video Video: Anatomy of a Scene | ‘Grandma’

Paul Weitz narrates a sequence from his film “Grandma," featuring Lily Tomlin and Sam Elliott.

Robert Hodge, a farmer and syrup producer, inside his sugar shack in Bury, Quebec, in May.

Video Video: The Darker Side of Maple Syrup

A barrel of maple syrup from Quebec is worth more today than a barrel of crude oil. Producers are reaping the benefits, but not all agree with the tactics that whipped the supply chain into shape.

Video Video: This Week’s Movies: August 21, 2015

The New York Times film critics review “American Ultra," “Grandma" and “Sinister 2."

For more video, go to NYTimes.com/Video »


World
West African migrants in Agadez, Niger, the last big stop before reaching Libya, 620 miles away, on their journey to Europe. As many as 2,000 migrants pass through the desert city each week.

Crackdown in Niger Fails to Deter Migrant Smugglers

By ADAM NOSSITER

A new anti-trafficking law has done little to end the illicit migrant trade in Agadez, a departure point for as many as 2,000 Africans a week.

A crater Thursday after a bombing in Cairo. Militants calling themselves part of the Islamic State took responsibility for the blast.

Egyptians Adapt as Cairo Is Redefined by a String of Bomb Attacks

By DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK

At least 29 people were wounded in an attack on a branch of the Egyptian security agency, adding to a wave of militant violence in the capital over the summer.

In Letter, Obama Tells Congress U.S. Will Still Press Iran

By JONATHAN WEISMAN

The letter reflects a shift in emphasis, to steps the administration could take outside the nuclear agreement with Iran to enforce the deal’s provisions.

For more world news, go to NYTimes.com/World »

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U.S.
Private contractors worked on Thursday near Chelan, Wash., to douse smoldering areas so they do not flare up again.

Western Wildfires Consume Manpower and Acreage

By KIRK JOHNSON and FERNANDA SANTOS

Even before three firefighter deaths Wednesday, fire managers had been struggling to find enough staff to combat blazes in the Northwest and Northern California.

Owen Labrie

Accuser in St. Paul’s Rape Case Defends Account in Cross-Examination

By JESS BIDGOOD

A defense lawyer for Owen Labrie, the St. Paul’s graduate accused of rape, pressed his accuser on the details of their May 2014 encounter.

Former President Jimmy Carter in Atlanta Thursday after his news conference about his health, followed by his wife, Rosalynn.

Ailing Jimmy Carter ‘at Ease With Whatever Comes’

By RICHARD FAUSSET and ALAN BLINDER

Jimmy Carter, still sprightly at 90 years old, spoke about his cancer diagnosis, innovative treatment regimen and born-again Christian beliefs.

. Video  Watch: Carter Discusses His Diagnosis
For more U.S. news, go to NYTimes.com/US »

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Politics
Hillary Rodham Clinton, with her aide Huma Abedin behind her, at the United Nations in March.

Judge Says Hillary Clinton Didn’t Follow Government Email Policies

By MICHAEL S. SCHMIDT

Judge Emmet G. Sullivan also set steps for the F.B.I. to examine Mrs. Clinton’s server for messages she may have deleted.

Jeb Bush, the former Florida governor, vigorously attacked Donald J. Trump and drew political contrasts with him in Keene, N.H., on Thursday.

Dropping Mild Tone, Jeb Bush Assails Donald Trump as Leaning Democratic

By ASHLEY PARKER

The former Florida governor, who has been eclipsed by Mr. Trump, heatedly portrayed him as someone with a record that should disqualify him as a genuine conservative.

Campaign buttons. A 15-year-old about to start his sophomore year in high school has registered his candidacy for president with the Federal Election Commission. He hopes, he said, to

First Draft

Deez Nuts for President? Why Not, Says Iowa Farm Boy

By TRIP GABRIEL

Brady Olson, a sophomore in high school as of next week, registered as a presidential candidate under an assumed name, and that name has become the top trending topic on Twitter.

For more political news, go to NYTimes.com/Politics »


Business
A SoulCycle class in the West Village. In recent years, the fitness chain has developed a cultlike following among celebrities and hedge fund wives.

Investors Hope to Ride Swell of SoulCycle Fever in Coming I.P.O.

By JULIE CRESWELL

Boutique fitness centers that cater to those willing to pay more for a good sweat are on the rise, and wealthy backers are betting this market is more than a craze.

Traders on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange on Thursday. The Dow tumbled 358 points, the S.&P. 500 closed down nearly 44 points and the Nasdaq dropped more than 141 points.

China Woes Send Stocks Into Tailspin

By PETER EAVIS

Plummeting stock markets worldwide signal that investors have not gotten over the shock of China’s devaluation last week.

Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras Calls for New Elections

By NIKI KITSANTONIS and JIM YARDLEY

Mr. Tsipras, facing a revolt in his party over a bailout package, said he would submit his resignation and ask for new elections to be held on Sept. 20.

. Greece Makes Payment to European Central Bank, Avoiding Default
For more business news, go to NYTimes.com/Business »


Technology
A view of Ashley Madison's Korean web site.

The Upshot

An Ashley Madison Recession? Or an Ashley Madison Stimulus?

By JOSH BARRO and JUSTIN WOLFERS

Exploring the possible economic effects of the disclosure of millions of would-be cheating spouses.

. The Ashley Madison Data Dump, Explained
. Hackers Say They Have Released Ashley Madison Files
A man with a Hewlett-Packard printer in central New Delhi. The company reported weakness in both its PC and printer sectors.

HP Profit Falls in Last Report Before Company Splits

By NICK WINGFIELD

Earnings fell 13 percent in the third quarter, illustrating the headwinds Hewlett-Packard is facing.

Nelson Peltz, the activist investor, last month in New York. He recently disclosed owning a 7.1 percent stake in Sysco.

Nelson Peltz Picks Up Seats on Sysco’s Board Days After Buying a Stake

By MICHAEL J. de la MERCED

The food supplier Sysco added two seats to its board to accommodate the activist investor Nelson Peltz and another executive at Trian Fund Management.

For more technology news, go to NYTimes.com/Technology »


Sports
The 49ers' Jarryd Hayne breaking a tackle against the Houston Texans on Saturday. He had 120 total yards in his first-ever football game.

Jarryd Hayne, Australian Rugby Star, Gives 49ers a Needed Jolt of Optimism

By JOHN BRANCH

Hayne’s overnight transformation from foreign curiosity to roster contender has been a breath of fresh air for a team that has been engulfed in negativism.

. Sonny Bill Williams Switches to Rugby Sevens for a Shot at Rio
Odell Beckham Jr. making his signature grab in November against the Cowboys.

On Pro Football

Odell Beckham Jr. Created a Trend, Single-Handedly

By BILL PENNINGTON

Beckham Jr.’s one-handed catch in the end zone last season against the Dallas Cowboys has inspired playful one-handed competition among players at training camps.

. Eli Manning Disputes Report That He Wants to Be N.F.L.’s Highest-Paid Player
Jason Whitlock, The Undefeated's founding editor in chief, was ousted two months ago.

Sports Business

Uncertainty Looms Over The Undefeated, ESPN’s Site on Sports and Race

By RICHARD SANDOMIR

After two years, The Undefeated has no start date and no editor in chief, and some question whether the site will survive.

For more sports news, go to NYTimes.com/Sports »


Arts
Kim Dickens and Cliff Curtis in

Television Review

Review: ‘Fear the Walking Dead,’ a Show About a Plague’s Start (What Zombies?)

By MIKE HALE

This spinoff of “The Walking Dead," which is beginning a six-episode run on AMC, opens with society still in denial about its lurching adversaries.

Books of The Times

Review: ‘Can I Go Now?,’ a Biography of the Hollywood Agent Sue Mengers

By JANET MASLIN

Brian Kellow charts Ms. Mengers’s ruthless path to success with a client list that included Ryan and Tatum O’Neal, Barbra Streisand and Gene Hackman.

Review: Faile Mines the Dark Depths of Modern Youth With Two Exhibitions

By KEN JOHNSON

Exhibitions by the duo Faile at the Brooklyn Museum and in Times Square feature appropriation of graphic signifiers from many times and places.

For more arts news, go to NYTimes.com/Arts »

Movies
Lily Tomlin and Julia Garner in

Review: In ‘Grandma,’ Lily Tomlin Energizes an Intergenerational Road Trip

By A. O. SCOTT

Paul Weitz’s new film, centering on a feminist poet in her 70s and her granddaughter, is a comedy of conflict and solidarity.

. Video  Anatomy of a Scene: ‘Grandma’
In

Review: ‘Learning to Drive’ Charts a Culture-Bridging Friendship

By STEPHEN HOLDEN

This grown-up drama stars Patricia Clarkson as a New York book critic, and Ben Kingsley as her Indian-American driving instructor.

Robert Sloan as one of the brothers led astray in this horror film.

Review: In ‘Sinister 2,’ a Murderous Being Returns for More Mayhem

By ANDY WEBSTER

In this horror sequel, a woman takes refuge in a rural home with her twin sons, who are then manipulated by evil.


New York
Only one seminude woman was spotted in Times Square on Thursday evening, having her breasts painted. Other female panhandlers said they were avoiding the area for a while.

Topless in Times Square: A Legal View

By JAMES C. McKINLEY Jr.

Mayor Bill de Blasio of New York wants to rein in the behavior, but if he tries, the city faces many obstacles.

David Sweat, New York Prison Escapee, Is Arraigned

By RICK ROJAS and WINNIE HU

Mr. Sweat, a convicted killer who escaped from the Clinton Correctional Facility in June, did not enter a plea in his first court appearance since he was returned to custody.

Summer Love

He Carried Her Off the Handball Court, but Didn’t Quite Sweep Her Off Her Feet

By COREY KILGANNON

It was a slow road to love for Albert Apuzzi and Dori Ten, whose story began with a match that was part first date, part first aid. The relationship evolved on the courts and still revolves around the sport.

. Video  Video: Handball Courtship
For more New York news, go to NYTimes.com/NewYork »

Obituaries
The Rev. George M. Houser, above in 2007 at his home in Rockland County, N.Y.

George Houser, Freedom Rides Pioneer, Dies at 99

By MARGALIT FOX

The Rev. Houser was a Methodist minister whose contributions to the civil rights movement went largely unheralded.

Egon Bahr, right, in 1971 with the West German chancellor Willy Brandt, second from left, and Leonid Brezhnev, the Soviet leader, left.

Egon Bahr, Who Laid Groundwork for German Reunification, Dies at 93

By DAVID BINDER

Mr. Bahr, an architect of Ostpolitik, West Germany’s Cold War policy of rapprochement, believed the best way to narrow Germany’s division was through negotiations.

Frederick Payne, a retired Marine Corps brigadier general, celebrating his 100th birthday, in 2011.

Frederick Payne, Decorated Fighter Ace, Dies at 104

By SAM ROBERTS

Mr. Payne, a retired Marine Corps brigadier general, received the Navy Cross and other awards as World War II fighter ace in the Pacific.

For more obituaries, go to NYTimes.com/Obituaries »


Editorials

Editorial

Consumers are Cutting the Cord to Gain Choices and Pay Less

By THE EDITORIAL BOARD

Congress and the FCC can help consumers have more broadband options as they choose online services over cable TV.

Editorial

Putin vs. Parmesan

By THE EDITORIAL BOARD

The Russian leader once again starts a food fight, and finds a way to blame the West in the process.

Editorial

‘Little Pink Pill’ for Women Comes With Risks

By THE EDITORIAL BOARD

Women who can benefit from the drug need to be aware of the risks and how to mitigate them.

For more opinion, go to NYTimes.com/Opinion »


Op-Ed

Op-Ed Columnist

Debt Is Good

By PAUL KRUGMAN

A problem with the economy may be that we aren’t in deep enough, not that we’re in too deep.

Op-Ed Columnist

California Dreaming

By ROGER COHEN

Technology’s thrill is no more than an ephemeral distraction from the unchanging puzzles of life in any age.

A pinata depicting Donald J. Trump in Reynosa, Mexico.

Contributing Op-Ed Writer

Why Latino Children Are Scared of Donald Trump

By HÉCTOR TOBAR

The tycoon’s fear-mongering about Mexican immigrants will ultimately rebound on him.

For more opinion, go to NYTimes.com/Opinion »


ON THIS DAY

On Aug. 21, 1959, President Eisenhower signed an executive order proclaiming Hawaii the 50th state of the union.

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