Free as a Bird  遨遊天際


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2015/09/22 第230期 訂閱/退訂看歷史報份直接訂閱


優惠活動訊息:見訊息
   

Free as a Bird  遨遊天際

by Paul Hines

A conservation organization has come up with a creative way that helps endangered birds.
當一位騎乘在老鷹背上的乘客會是什麼感覺嗎?如今,多虧了一個名為『自由』的法國環境保護組織,你再也不必納悶了。

  Have you ever looked to the sky and daydreamed about what it would be like to be a passenger riding on the back of an eagle? Now, thanks to a French environmental conservation organization called Freedom, you no longer need to _(1)_.
  World-renowned falconer Jacques-Olivier Travers and conservationist Ronald Menzel founded Freedom in 2006. At the organization’s breeding facilities near the picturesque Lake Leman on the French-Swiss border, Travers teaches birds of prey that were born in _(2)_ to hunt and fly. His technique for teaching his pupils is _(3)_ unconventional. He takes the birds _(4)_ skiing, kayaking, and paragliding trips in the French Alps.
  The conservationists also have some unconventional methods of raising awareness of the plight of endangered birds of prey. They take their trained eagles to iconic locations such as the Eiffel Tower, strap a camera to the bird’s back, and broadcast the spectacular bird’s-eye-view videos on giant screens for the public to watch _(5)_.
  Freedom’s latest event _(6)_ from the top of the world’s tallest building, Dubai’s 829.8-meter Burj Khalifa. The star of the event was a male imperial eagle named Darshan. The strong and powerful bird with a two-meter wingspan _(7)_ the world record for the highest recorded bird flight from a man-made structure.
  Visit www.freedom-conservation.org to learn more about Freedom and watch some remarkable videos.

1. (A) proceed  (B) wonder  (C) interfere  (D) unfold
2. (A) moderation  (B) captivity  (C) grades  (D) knots
3. (A) little  (B) yet  (C) scarcely  (D) somewhat
4. (A) on  (B) of  (C) across  (D) against
5. (A) lives  (B) living  (C) live  (D) alive
6. (A) presided over  (B) covered up  (C) kept pace  (D) took place
7. (A) ruined  (B) released  (C) set  (D) quit

 
  1. Now, thanks to a French environmental conservation organization called Freedom, you no longer need to wonder.
    如今,多虧了一個名為『自由』的法國環境保護組織,你再也不必納悶了。
    理由:
    a. (A) proceed vi. 繼續進行
    衍: proceed to V  (做完某事)接著從事??
    = go on to V
    After doing the laundry, Shirley proceeded to do the cooking.
    洗完衣服後,雪莉便接著煮飯。
    (B) wonder vi. & vt. 納悶;想知道
    I wonder what Tommy said to make his mother so angry.
    我很納悶湯米到底說了什麼讓他媽媽那麼生氣。
    (C) interfere vi. 干涉(與介詞 in 並用)
    衍: interfere in…  干涉……
    Don’t interfere in their argument. The kids can work it out for themselves.
    別干涉他們的爭執。孩子們會自行解決的。
    (D) unfold vi. 展開,發展
    As the play unfolded, viewers gradually realized what they originally thought was wrong.
    隨著劇情的發展,觀眾開始瞭解到他們原先的想法是錯的。
    b. 根據語意,(B) 項應為正選。
  2. At the organization’s breeding facilities near the picturesque Lake Leman on the French-Swiss border, Travers teaches birds of prey that were born in captivity to hunt and fly.
    在該組織的養育中心裡,崔維斯教導那些在人工飼養下出生的猛禽如何打獵及飛行,該養育中心位於法國及瑞士邊境、如詩如畫的雷夢湖附近。
    理由:
    a. (A) moderation n. 節制;適度
    衍: in moderation  有節制地;適度地
    You can have some wine as long as you drink in moderation.
    你只要有所節制,喝點酒也無妨。
    (B) captivity n. 囚禁
    衍: in captivity  被關在籠裡;被囚禁
    The girl felt pity for the animals held in captivity at the zoo.
    那女孩對被關在動物園裡的動物非常同情。
    (C) grade n. 等級;級別;分數
    衍: in grades  分等級
    Our farm’s milk is sold in grades.
    我們農場的牛奶是分等級出售的。
    (D) knot n. 結;關係
    衍: in knots  三五成群
    Children went out in knots to see the lantern show on the Lantern Festival.
    元宵節當天,小孩們三五成群一起去觀賞花燈展。
    b. 根據語意及用法,(B) 項應為正選。
  3. His technique for teaching his pupils is somewhat unconventional.
    崔維斯教導這些雛鳥的技巧有點非傳統。
    理由:
    a. (A) little adv. 毫不 & a. 很少
    Little did I expect that the short old man is a renowned scholar.
    我沒料到這個矮小的老先生會是個知名的學者。
    (B) yet adv. 尚(與否定字 not 並用)
    It’s already eight o’clock, and Ted still hasn’t shown up yet.
    現在已經八點了,而泰德卻仍未出現。
    (C) scarcely adv. 幾乎不
    同: hardly adv.
    Rita could scarcely see anything in the dark room.
    莉塔在這個陰暗的房間內幾乎看不到任何東西。
    (D) somewhat adv. 有幾分,有點(= a little)
    Patrick was somewhat disappointed by the movie version of that famous novel.
    對於那本著名小說改拍而成的電影版本,派翠克感到有點失望。
    b. 根據語意,(D) 項應為正選。
  4. He takes the birds on skiing, kayaking, and paragliding trips in the French Alps.
    他帶著這些小鳥到法境阿爾卑斯山上進行滑雪、泛舟及飛行傘之旅。
    理由:
    a. 本題測試以下固定用法:
    take… on a trip  帶……去旅行
    注意
    凡表『探險』、『旅遊』或『旅程』等名詞,以及表持續性或時間性的任務或動作時,通常介詞用 on 來表示,如:
    on duty  執勤、值班
    on an expedition  在探險
    on a hike  在健行
    I’ll keep my word and take you on a trip to Hawaii.
    我會遵守諾言,帶你去夏威夷旅行。
    b. 根據上述用法,(A) 項應為正選。
  5. They take their trained eagles to iconic locations such as the Eiffel Tower, strap a camera to the bird’s back, and broadcast the spectacular bird’s-eye-view videos on giant screens for the public to watch live.
    他們將受過訓練的老鷹帶到像是艾菲爾鐵塔的知名地標、把相機綁到該飛禽的背上,並將這些壯觀的鳥瞰影片放到大螢幕上,直播給大眾觀看。
    理由:
    a. 空格前有不定詞片語 to watch(觀賞),得知空格應置副詞以修飾 to watch。
    b. 選項中僅有 (C) live(以現場轉播的方式)為副詞,置入後亦符合語意及用法,故為正選。
    c. live adv. 以現場轉播的方式 & a. 直播的
    The basketball game was broadcast live.
    這場籃球賽是現場轉播的。
    The talk show is a live program, not a pre-recorded one.
    這個脫口秀是現場節目,不是預錄的。
  6. Freedom’s latest event took place from the top of the world’s tallest building, Dubai’s 829.8-meter Burj Khalifa.
    『自由』的最新活動於世界最高的建築物、也就是杜拜八百二十九點八公尺高的哈里發塔頂端上演。
    理由:
    a. (A) preside over…  主持……
    preside vi. 主持
    This morning’s meeting was presided over by the new manager.
    今天早上的會議是由新任經理主持的。
    (B) cover up… / cover… up  掩飾/隱瞞……
    Honesty is the best policy. Don’t try to cover up a lie with more lies.
    誠實為上策。不要試著以更多的謊話來圓謊。
    (C) keep pace (with…)  跟上(……)
    同: keep up (with…)
    Reading newspapers helps you keep pace with the times.
    閱讀報紙能使你跟上時代的步伐。
    (D) take place  舉行
    同: be held
    Since I overslept, I missed the speech contest that took place this morning.
    因為睡過頭,我錯過了今天早上舉行的演講比賽。
    b. 根據語意,(D) 項應為正選。
  7. The strong and powerful bird with a two-meter wingspan set the world record for the highest recorded bird flight from a man-made structure.
    這隻強壯有力且展翅寬兩公尺的鳥締造了世界紀錄,創下鳥類從人造建築進行飛翔的最高紀錄。
    理由:
    a. (A) ruin vt. 破壞
    The entire village was ruined by the earthquake.
    整個村落被地震毀了。
    (B) release vt. 釋放;發佈(消息)
    In my opinion, it’s necessary to release negative emotions when you feel down.
    我認為在你情緒低落時,將負面情緒釋放出來是必要的。
    (C) set vt. 設立
    衍: set a record  締造紀錄
    Not only did Allen win the race, but he set a new track record.
    艾倫不僅贏了比賽,也創下了徑賽新紀錄。
    (D) quit vt. 停止;戒除
    Our class wouldn’t quit talking, so our teacher gave us extra homework.
    我們班上一直不停地講話,所以老師給了我們一些額外的作業。
    b. 空格後有名詞詞組 the world record(世界紀錄),得知空格應置 set 以形成固定搭配,故 (C) 項應為正選。
  1. conservation n.(動植物等的)保育
    衍: conserve vt. 保育;節省(能源)
    Conservation is one way to make sure we have enough energy in the future.
    對自然資源的保護是確保我們將來有足夠能源的一種方法。
    We should conserve as much energy as possible.
    我們應該要儘量節約能源。
  2. endangered a. 瀕臨絕種的
    Many animals that were once numerous are now endangered.
    許多昔日為數眾多的動物目前已瀕臨絕種。
  3. daydream vi. 做白日夢,幻想
    Stop daydreaming about marrying a rich man and focus on self-reliance.
    別再幻想自己會和有錢人結婚了,把重點放在自力更生吧。
  4. eagle n. 老鷹(體型較大)
    比較 hawk n. 鷹,隼(體型較小)
    The eagle glided through the air with great ease.
    那隻老鷹輕鬆地在空中遨翔。
    *glide vi. 滑行;滑翔
    A hawk hovered over the prairie searching for prey.
    一隻老鷹在大草原上盤旋尋找獵物。
    *prairie n. 大草原
  5. breeding n. 養育;繁殖
    The scientist’s experiment dealt with the breeding of insects.
    該名科學家的實驗涉及昆蟲的繁殖。
  6. picturesque a.(風景)如畫的
    The hot spring was located outdoors, so I was able to enjoy the fresh air and picturesque views.
    那個溫泉在戶外,所以我能享受新鮮空氣和如畫的美景。
  7. a bird of prey  猛禽
    prey n. 獵物(集合名詞,不可數)
  8. unconventional a. 非傳統的
    反: conventional a. 傳統的
    = conservative a.
    The coach used an unconventional strategy to try to win the game.
    這位教練不按牌理出牌,試圖贏得比賽。
    It is conventional for Japanese people to bow when greeting each other.
    鞠躬行禮是日本人互相打招呼的傳統。
    *bow vi. 鞠躬
  9. iconic a. 代表性的,指標性的
    Each generation has its iconic movie stars.
    每個世代都有其指標性的電影明星。
  10. strap vt. 綁上,捆住
    Nancy strapped her son into a special car seat.
    南西把她兒子繫在一個特別的汽車座椅上。
  11. broadcast vt. 轉播;廣播(三態同形)
    The TV station will broadcast a new cooking show on Sunday.
    那家電視臺將在週日播出一個新的烹飪節目。
  12. bird’s-eye-view a. 鳥瞰圖的
    衍: a bird’s-eye view  鳥瞰
    Flying in an airplane gives humans a bird’s-eye view of their surroundings.
    搭乘飛機使人類可以鳥瞰周圍的環境。

falconer n. 訓練老鷹的人;養鷹者
pupil n. 未成年人;學生
kayaking n. 泛舟運動
paragliding n. 滑翔傘運動(又稱飛行傘)
plight n. 困境
an imperial eagle  白肩雕(一種鷹科猛禽)
imperial a. 帝國的
wingspan n. 翼幅(兩翼展開的寬度)

  1. come up with…  想出……;提出……
    同: think up…
    The company encourages its employees to come up with innovative ideas.
    那家公司鼓勵員工提出創新的點子。
  2. raise awareness of / about…  喚起對……的意識;提高對……的認識
    awareness n. 意識
    We attended a protest to raise awareness of animal abuse.
    我們參加抗議活動來喚起對虐待動物的認知。


遨遊天際
有個環境保育組織想出了一項幫助瀕危鳥類的創意方法。
  你可曾看著天空,並幻想當一位騎乘在老鷹背上的乘客會是什麼感覺嗎?如今,多虧了一個名為『自由』的法國環境保護組織,你再也不必納悶了。
  世界知名的老鷹訓練師雅克•奧利維爾•崔維斯和自然環境保育家羅納德•曼佐於 2006 年創辦了『自由』組織。在該組織的養育中心裡,崔維斯教導那些在人工飼養下出生的猛禽如何打獵及飛行,該養育中心位於法國及瑞士邊境、如詩如畫的雷夢湖附近。崔維斯教導這些雛鳥的技巧有點非傳統。他帶著這些小鳥到法境阿爾卑斯山上進行滑雪、泛舟及飛行傘之旅。
  在提高大眾對瀕危猛禽處境的認識上,這些保育家也有一些不落俗套的方法。他們將受過訓練的老鷹帶到像是艾菲爾鐵塔的知名地標、把相機綁到該飛禽的背上,並將這些壯觀的鳥瞰影片放到大螢幕上,直播給大眾觀看。
  『自由』的最新活動於世界最高的建築物、也就是杜拜八百二十九點八公尺高的哈里發塔頂端上演。該活動的主角是一隻名叫達山的公白肩鵰。這隻強壯有力且展翅寬兩公尺的鳥締造了世界紀錄,創下鳥類從人造建築進行飛翔的最高紀錄。
  到 www.freedom-conservation.org 網站來更加瞭解『自由』,並欣賞一些非凡的影片吧。
答案: 1. B 2. B 3. D 4. A 5. C 6. D 7. C

 
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